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Industrial Fire Suppression Systems

By August 23, 2018 No Comments

Patriot Fire Protection has proven capabilities in the service and installation of fire suppression systems and is a recognized leader with experience in the layout, design and installation process so your project runs seamlessly start to finish.

Our team members are professionals who have a thorough appreciation for the importance of their work with Fire Suppression Systems and the hazards they protect. There is no one better when it comes to performing projects involving special hazards, tough working conditions, and demanding deadlines.

Industrial Fire Suppression Systems

Industrial fire suppression systems are utilized by businesses in the data processing, communications, aviation, medical, art, manufacturing and processing as well as many other industries. Let Patriot Fire Protection help you prevent the loss of costly equipment, irreplaceable data and business interruption. We are experienced in the installation and servicing of these complicated systems provided by well-known manufacturers such as: Amerex, PyroChem, Badger, Kidde, Ansul, Chemguard and others. We offer innovative solutions for your complex commercial fire hazards using tested and proven design concepts. Our designers have extensive project experience and the ability to effectively utilize and interact with Architects, Mechanical, Electrical, Civil and Structural engineers to offer the best resolutions to any unique design challenge.

Dry Chemical Fire Suppression Systems

Dry Chemical Fire Suppression Systems use chemical compounds that, pound for pound, suppress more fire than any other agent. These systems are easy and affordable to install and maintain in virtually any industrial setting. Dry chemical systems provide flexibility based on the size and configuration of the application along with automatic or manual operation and the detection/ alarm/ release capabilities.

Industrial dry chemical systems help protect many special hazard areas. From paint booths and chemical storage to industrial machinery and processes. Your dry chemical system must be designed well and kept in top condition to respond properly and effectively when needed.

The sodium bicarbonate-based dry chemical is more effective than water on Class B (flammable liquid) and Class C (electrical) fires. ABC dry chemical also suppresses Class A (wood, paper, cloth) fires. Both are environmentally safe, non-toxic and economical to use in both initial installations and recharge situations. Dry chemical is preferred for more applications throughout industry than any other agent.

Quick Response Minimizes Fire Damage

Special Hazard Industrial Systems are designed to sense fires quickly, sound alarms to warn personnel in the area and discharge chemical on the source of the fire. All these actions literally occur in seconds, before the fire has the opportunity to grow in intensity or spread to other areas of the facility. For your peace of mind, Industrial Fire Suppression Systems offer the best automatic fire protection – whether or not personnel are present – 24 hours a day / 7 days a week!

Uses for Industrial Dry Chemical Suppression Systems:

  • paint spray booths
  • gas turbine generators
  • dip tanks
  • chemical storage areas
  • flammable liquid storage
  • bulk chemical
  • offload sites
  • loading racks
  • gas compressors
  • offshore platforms
  • heat transfer systems
  • tanker decks
  • large commercial fryers
  • fueling areas
  • flammable liquid operations
  • steel mills
  • and more

Clean Agent Suppression Systems

Clean Agent systems provide protection for facilities containing valuable corporate assets from people and processes to equipment and software. They combine the benefits of clean agent systems and active fire protection with people-safe, environmentally friendly performance. The agents discharge as a gas, reaching into all parts of the protected area and leaving no residue to damage sensitive equipment or require costly cleanup. This enables you to get back to business faster after a fire. The agents are non-toxic when used in accordance with NFPA Standard 2001. Also, agent alternatives to Halon cause no respiratory problems for people and won’t obscure vision after a discharge.

Environmentally-Friendly

Clean Agents are the most versatile and tested agents on the market. Most have minimal or zero Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP), low (or no) atmospheric lifetime and are listed by the Environmental Protection Agency with no usage restrictions. Clean agent Systems extinguish fire via a combination of chemically based fire inhibition and cooling. They are environmentally friendly, safe to use with sensitive equipment, fast-acting, efficient, effective and safe for occupied spaces.

Clean agent fire suppression systems work hand-in-hand with state-of-the-art control and detection components to identify and extinguish fires, long before substantial fire damage can occur. Clean agent systems are perfect where business disruption has to be minimized and survival of sensitive equipment is critical. The discharge of clean agent leaves behind no contaminates, virtually eliminating the risk of damage to delicate equipment.

Typical Clean Agent Applications include:

  • Computer rooms
  • Data processing centers
  • Valuable Artifacts and Antiquities
  • Communication control hubs
  • Laboratory environments
  • Institutional Libraries
  • Criminal Evidence storage
  • Museum exhibits

Types of Clean Agent Systems include:

  • FM200
  • FE 13
  • FE 36
  • HFC223
  • Halatron
  • Inergen
  • Novec 1230

Carbon Dioxide(C02) Fire Suppressions Systems

Although carbon dioxide fire protection is not a new concept; today’s carbon dioxide systems are equipped with sophisticated detectors, high-tech control panels, and computer designed agent distribution networks.

Carbon Dioxide Systems are still the best fire protection solution for many applications. They provide automatic or manual protection for hazards where Class B (flammable liquids and gases) and Class C (energized electrical equipment) fires could occur. They can be found in today’s industrial plants, commercial facilities, and even aboard ships at sea.

Because it’s a gas, carbon dioxide suppresses fire without leaving behind water, foam, or dry chemical to damage sensitive equipment. Since there is no agent to clean up, you’re back in business faster.

Typical CO2 applications include:

  • Coating Machines
  • Exhaust Ducts
  • Commercial Fryers
  • Flammable Liquid Storage Rooms
  • Degreasing/Cleaning Processes
  • Floor Covering Machines
  • Dip Tanks
  • Flow Coating Machines
  • Drying Towers
  • Hazardous Material Handling Equipment
  • Dust Collectors and Bag Houses
  • Industrial Deep Fat Fryers
  • EDP Equipment
  • Information Retrieval Facilities
  • EDP Subfloor
  • Lubricating Oil Pits
  • Electrical Cabinets
  • Marine Application
  • Electrical Generators

Fire Suppression for Special Hazards

Firefighting Foam, Commercial Fire Suppression Systems

Simply stated, firefighting foam is a stable mass of small, air-filled bubbles with a lower density than oil, gasoline, or water. Foam is made up of three ingredients: water, a foam concentrate, and air. Water is mixed with a foam concentrate (proportioned) to form a foam solution. This solution is then mixed with air (aspirated) to produce a foam which readily flows over fuel surfaces.

Foam agents work by separating the fuel from the air (oxygen). Depending upon the type of foam agent, this is done in several ways:

  • Foam blankets the fuel surface, smothering the fire and separating the flames from the fuel surface.
  • The water content of the foam cools the fuel.
  • The foam blanket suppresses the release of flammable vapors that can mix with air.

Types of foam agents include:

Aqueous Film-Forming Foam (AFFF), Alcohol-Resistant Concentrates (ARC), Protein Foam Concentrates, Fluoroprotein Foam Concentrates, and High Expansion Foam Concentrates

Types of proportioning systems are:

  • bladder tanks
  • pump skids
  • In-line balanced pressure systems.

Types of discharge devices include:

Foam Monitors

Foam monitors are designed to control the horizontal and vertical directions of large capacity discharge streams. Water-oscillating monitors will automatically move side-to-side using water pressure as the energy source. Remote controlled monitors use an electric joystick tied into a hydraulic system. Other monitors are operated manually using a tiller bar to control direction and elevation. Various aspirating and non-aspirating nozzles are also available for use with monitors and/or handheld hose lines.

Sprinkler Heads

Sprinkler heads are available from various manufacturers in both non-aspirated and aspirated versions. Non-aspirated heads with AFFF agents are more economical and can be used in either open deluge or closed-head sprinkler systems. Aspirated sprinkler heads are required for protein and fluoroprotein foams in deluge systems.

Foam Chamber and Foam Makers

Foam chambers and foam makers are air-aspirating devices designed to protect flammable liquid storage tanks. Foam chambers apply expanded foam gently down the inside of the tank wall onto the liquid surface. High back pressure foam makers inject expanded foam through the tank wall near the bottom of the tank allowing foam to gently rise to the surface. Other types of foam makers are installed in the foam distribution piping where expanded foam is directed to specific hazards such as dike areas or floating-roof tank seal areas.

Foam Generators

Foam generators deliver large quantities of foam by expanding foam solution in the range of 200:1 to 1000:1. The high-expansion generator operates by coating its screen with high-expansion foam solution while air is blown through the screen to produce expanded foam. Because of its high expansion ratio, little water is required to generate large quantities of foam thereby reducing the potential for hazardous run-off or water damage. Jet-X foamĀ® generators are water-powered and require no other sources of power.

Deluge Systems

“Deluge” systems are systems in which all sprinkler heads connected to the piping system are open, with no heat sensing element or bulb and discharge all at the same time (ie: like in the movies). These systems are only used for special hazards where rapid fire spread is a concern, providing a simultaneous application of water or foam over the entire hazard. They are sometimes installed in paths of egress or building fire wall openings to slow travel of fire.

Water is not present in the piping until the system operates. Because the sprinkler orifices are open, the piping is at atmospheric pressure. To prevent the water supply pressure from forcing water into the piping, a deluge valve is used in the water supply connection, which is a mechanically latched valve. It is a non-resetting valve, and stays open once tripped.

Because there are no heat sensing elements present in the sprinkler heads, the deluge valve must be opened by alternative means such as signaled by a fire alarm system or an independent dry piped detection line utilizing sprinklers that do have their heat sensing element or “bulbs” installed. The type of fire alarm initiating device is selected mainly based on the hazard (e.g., smoke detectors, heat detectors, or optical flame detectors). The initiation device signals the fire alarm panel, which in turn signals the deluge valve to open. Activation can also be manual, depending on the system goals. Manual activation is usually via an electric or pneumatic fire alarm pull station, which signals the fire alarm panel to open the deluge valve. However, deluge valves can also be activated by strictly mechanical means with no aid from a fire alarm panel or other device.

Deluge Applications

A deluge system is used in places that are considered high-hazard areas such as power plants, aircraft hangars, chemical storage and processing facilities, flammable liquid handling facilities and other high hazard installations utilizing water as the primary extinguishing agent. Deluge systems are needed where high-velocity suppression is necessary to prevent fire spread.

Applications include:

  • Flammable Materials Handling
    • Liquid Petroleum Products
    • Natural Gas Products
    • Hazardous Chemicals
  • Raw Material Storage
  • Bulk flammable material transfer stations
  • Large Storage Areas for Flammable Liquids
  • Aircraft Hangars
  • Other High Hazard Areas

We look forward to the opportunity to assist you with any of your fire protection needs. Our systems specialists will collaborate and work with you to find solutions to your specific applications. Please feel free to contact us about your industrial or commercial fire protection needs. You’ll receive a no-obligation consultation, comprehensive site survey, and an individual solution tailored to your specific needs.